Flat feet are a common occurrence, often resulting from a fallen arch. Unlike with normal feet, when standing, the foot rolls inwards, causing the entire sole to touch, or come close to, touching the ground.
Causes of Fallen Arches
While many patients suffer from congenital flat feet, born with fallen arches, many develop this foot condition over time, usually due to one of the following:
- Stretched or torn tendons
- Inflammation of the posterior tibial tendon
- Broken or dislocated bones
- Health conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis
- Nerve problems
Treating Fallen Arches
While people that are born with fallen arches are not as likely to experience pain, others that develop the condition over time, do, making an effective treatment plan for fallen arches important.
In some cases, surgery may be the only option, however there are several other options that should be tried first, including the following:
Wear appropriate shoes. Shoes with the right support can help to stabilize the heel, preventing the arch from collapsing. Consider shoes that are supportive and comfortable, especially when it comes to your specific activity, such as walking, running, and hiking.
Use custom orthotics. Custom orthotics can help to give your foot the unique support it needs, helping to distribute and minimize pressure on the foot by providing additional support to the arch, as well as aid in the realignment of your foot’s ankle joints and bones.
Use arch inserts and wraps. These will add extra support to your feet, especially if your shoes do not have sufficient arch support. They are also beneficial in helping to alleviate the pain that is experienced with flat feet.
Exercise the feet. There are a variety of exercises that can help to alleviate tightness and stiffness in the tendons and muscles. Be sure to consult with your podiatrist in order to determine which exercises are right for your specific needs.
If you are suffering from a fallen arch and you have tried the above recommended treatments, then consult with Dr. Hyderi and the Foot and Ankle Specialists of Illinois immediately.