Diabetes, or also referred to as hyperglycemia, is when the body is producing too much blood glucose. Diabetics will sometimes have trouble fighting infections when their blood sugar level is not normalized, often resulting peripheral artery disease, which creates a lack of blood circulation, as well as and peripheral neuropathy, which can cause a loss of feeling.
With diabetes, the feet may fall victim to various medical issues. These medical problems can include the following:
- Wounds that do not heal properly
- Fungal infections
- Ingrown or brittle toenails
- Corns and calluses
- Athlete’s foot
- Cracked or dry skin
Unfortunately, when certain bacterial infections are not treated properly, gangrene, which is dead tissue, can develop, and may result in the possibility of requiring an amputation of the affected areas. This is why it is critical for diabetics to regularly check their feet for concerns or injuries, as well as receive the proper care and treatment of any foot problems immediately.
Here are some tips for diabetics to keep in mind in order to maintain proper foot care:
- Be sure to keep your feet clean, dry, and warm
- Wear comfortable shoes, as well as avoid wearing the same pair every day
- Wear clean and dry socks that are void of holes, tears, or irritating seams
- Do not leave feet exposed or unprotected
- Do not expose your feet to heat, or hot water
- Keep good foot circulation
- Avoid being rough, cutting, or tearing the skin on your feet
- Do not use over-the-counter foot products
- Use moisturizer to keep skin from drying out
- Do not treat corns or calluses at home
Diabetics must seek podiatric care on a regular basis in order to prevent experiencing any foot problems. From maintenance to the treatment of any potential medical problems, contact Dr. Hyderi for help with your diabetic wound care and to learn more about your treatment options.