A hammertoe is a toe that tends to bend at the middle joint in a claw like position. There are two different types of hammertoes, Flexible & Rigid Hammertoe. A flexible hammertoe can be straightened by hand. Rigid hammertoe cannot be pulled straight, this can cause it be to very painful. The position of the toe can be lead to corns or calluses, which are also very painful.
The cause of a hammertoe may be present at birth or develop later in life due to some tendons that have tightened up. This can cause the toe’s joints to curl downward. Some of the risk factors of getting hammertoes would be:
- Family history
- Foot and Ankle Abnormalities
- High Arch in foot
- Muscle weakness
- Nerve Damage
Talk with your doctor for treatment that will be best for your child. Treatment options would be supportive care where the toe will need time to heel itself, by splinting the affected toe, or by switching to proper footwear to give those toes room. The other option would be surgery to straighten the joint. Tendons may be cut or transferred, or the middle joint of the toe can be fused together.