What are flat feet and its symptoms?
Flat foot is a foot deformity characterized by fallen arches. Patients with congenital flat feet are born with arches that collapse upon bearing weight. Those born with flat feet are less likely to feel pain than those who have acquired flat feet, or have developed flat feet, throughout their lives. Individuals of all ages are susceptible to flat feet and some symptoms include:
- Difficulty moving toes or feet
- Swollen Arches
- Heel, Knww and Back Pain
What are some causes of flat feet?
There are a variety of problems that can contribute to the development and worsening of flat feet.
- Stretched Tendons
- Inflammation to foot and leg muscles
- Over compensation due to injury
- Unsupportive shoes including sandals and old shoes that have been worn out from overuse
When certain tendons become overworked or stretched out, particularly the Achilles tendon located on the back of the leg near the ankle, they can pull on the muscles in the arch creating pain. Furthermore, inflammation in the leg and foot muscles can lead to overcompensation causing patients to favor one leg over the other. This extra weight bearing can also lead to increasing symptoms of flat feet.
How can I treat my flat feet symptoms?
- Avoid walking on hard surfaces
- Firm arch support
- Ankle foot orthotics
- Ankle exercising and stretching techniques
Arch supports provide additional support to keep flat feet from collapsing. Sometimes old, worn-out shoes cause individuals to change the areas of the foot they place pressure on when they walk. New shoes with arch support can be purchased to aid those with fallen arches. If tight muscles or inflammation cause your flat feet, anti-inflammation medication and ankle strengthening exercises are helpful in reducing discomfort. Finally, if all non-invasive techniques fail and your flat foot pain continues, surgery can be considered as a final resort.
If you think you might be suffering from the symptoms of flat feet, please contact us so we can explore potential treatment options for your flat feet.