What are corns and callouses?
Corns and calluses are a hardening of the skin in response to constant friction. Corns and calluses can occur anywhere on the body; however, the most common locations are on the feet and hands.
- Corns: smaller than calluses. They include inflamed skin with a hard center. They’re occasionally painful upon the application of pressure, and they can be found in areas that don’t experience a lot of weight bearing.
- Calluses: larger than corns. They vary in appearance, are found in areas constantly exposed to frictions, and are rarely painful.
What are the symptoms of corns and calluses?
If you notice any of the symptoms listed below, you may be suffering from a corn or callus.
- Thickening area of skin, perhaps a hardened bump
- Dry, cracking, or flaky skin
- Pain during weight bearing
- Rubber or wax-like bumps on skin
What are the causes of corns and calluses?
Patients suffering from corns and calluses often find they are wearing ill-fitting footwear leaving the foot exposed to constant rubbing. Other common causes include:
- Foot pronation and over pronation (feet rolling inward or outward)
- Constant exercise or weight bearing activities
- Other prevailing foot conditions including bunions or hammertoe
What are the treatments for patients with corns and calluses?
In order to effectively treat corns and calluses, the exact source of the friction needs to be eliminated. Some home remedies can be effective in treating corns and calluses, and some with corns and calluses on their feet can try:
- New shoes, perhaps a different size to prevent unnecessary pressure
- Callus pads, padded socks
- Always wear socks when necessary
Be sure to never scrape away at a callus, as the resulting wound will be susceptible to infection. If you have questions regarding corns and calluses, contact your physician as we can offer additional treatment options including:
- Customized shoe inserts
- Advice on footwear
- Other professional treatment options
If you think you might be suffering from the symptoms of athlete’s foot, please contact us immediately so we can help explore potential treatment options for you.