Broken Bones

What are broken bones?

In order to support the weight of the body, bones must be fairly strong. However, forces too great or a falls have the capacity to fracture bones. Bones can be broken in many ways. For example, some bones can be completely fractured, dividing the bone into two pieces, or partially fractured, in several different ways.

There are many types of broken bones:

  • Stable fracture– a type of fracture in which the bone remains aligned and healing can begin without the course of surgery
    • Can be broken horizontally (Transverse), diagonally (Oblique), or shattered in many places (Comminuted)
  • Compound fracture– these type of “open” fractures are when the broken bone causes the bone to become displaced, in which case it is no longer in its proper place
    • Bones may or may not pierce the skin

What are the symptoms of broken bones?

Broken bones cause intense pain in the area that the fracture is located. Some symptoms include:

  • Difficulty to move
  • Sensitivity to apply pressure on or walk
  • Swelling and bruising
  • Deformity or bone piercing skin

What are the causes of broken bones?

Bones are very strong and as a result difficult to fracture. If one has weakening bones, or osteoporosis, they are more susceptible to breaking bones.

Other causes to broken bones can include:

  • Overuse– too much weight bearing can lead to stress fractures. Distance runners are particularly prone to stress fractures due to their intense daily running
  • Trauma– direct, blunt force to bone
  • Falling

What are the treatment options for broken bones?

Treatment options vary from patient to patient depending on the type and severity of the fracture they have obtained.

  • Stable fractures- Use cast immobilization and non-weight bearing for anywhere from 4-10 weeks.
  • Compound fractures- Surgical procedures may be needed to reposition the bone. Once in its proper place, cast immobilization can begin to start the healing process.

Physical activity and proper diets rich in Calcium and Vitamin D can help with bone strength to prevent any future bone fractures.

If you think you might be suffering from the symptoms of a broken bone, please contact us immediately so we can help explore potential treatment options for you.